Since man is by nature a sociable being would understand that teamwork should be very common and accepted. But not, as traditional education is more oriented to form competitive individuals, independent and self-sufficient so they can work better alone or being part of a hierarchical and bureaucratic as those companies still prevail in traditional style.
Teamwork is primarily a process composed of free cooperation of competent and talented individuals seeking a common goal and that because of the union of its contributions causing potential synergy of maximizing the use of time and profits.
This type of work between groups of people is particularly distinguished by the following three features:
1. It is an inclusive process:
This means that no one should be left out of the group and their work or work no matter how small contributes to the welfare and achievement of objectives throughout the organization.
2. Is Cooperative:
Teamwork seeks cooperation with all members. This is not believed to be dependent on each other. However it is expected that all active team member responds contributions will be valued and applied in achieving common goals.
3. It is coercive:
It means that there is no hierarchy among the participants but is respected above all leadership by example of the most devoted members. And this especially because companies or traditional hierarchical organizations working conditions imposed by the authority with regulations, penalties and expulsions, which is not in never sign a team coordinated and efficient, but compliance mandatory work activity not to be as expected will have consequences for violators.
But teamwork is governed by certain principles defined and very specific to guide the activities of each member towards a common goal. These principles are:
1. Provide a purpose or a goal exciting and values are respected among the group members. An exciting goal.
2. Joining skills and knowledge. Developing the skills of the working group.
3. Create the team’s potential. Coordinate synergies.
The best example of teamwork from the standpoint of personal and business demonstrate the multilevel direct selling companies that apply the three characteristics and the three principles listed above to produce high performance teams and also have flat structures where no matter the place in which between a new person, you will always have the same opportunity to achieve results as do the older members.
And also occurs in the executive staff of some of the large, medium and small enterprises of art, although many have a hierarchical structure seeking to work with their employees in a more comprehensive and committed, which fosters creativity and seeks communication among members in a more dynamic and talented people who can contribute ideas and skills not only to fulfill responsibilities in order to achieve economic goals.
Among the most important benefits of working together are:
- Better knowledge of a niche market, strengths and weaknesses.
- Improved identification of business opportunities for the sharpness of ideas that produces an interdisciplinary group committed.
- Provides the ability to learn new ways to develop their own work incorporating new methods coming from the input and expertise of the team.
- They receive professional recognition and learn to recognize the efforts and contributions made by other team members.
- You learn the skills necessary to consider other team members, but not essential. This allows you to remove the desire for the limelight avoiding rivalries.
- It always achieve better economic results and lower mental and physical wear than working alone (a).
- Interpersonal communication is improved seeking points of agreement with people to find solutions, without the need to defend a point of view or try to impose any cost.
- Facilitates decision making by considering a larger number of views from different professional experience and knowledge that has a team against one person.
- It creates a synergy of talents and skills among team members, allowing each to specialize in a particular task or mission according to their experience and professional skills, so you work with less stress and more success in complex and difficult tasks are being delivered.
The following is a practical guide to dynamic and teamwork strategies based on the three principles outlined above will allow the construction of work equipment and monitoring and control:
1. Provide a purpose or a goal exciting and values are respected among group members
- Devise a challenge, a reason to keep your computer running for people to engage and motivate them to work together.
- Mark goals and clear strategies and ilusionantes.
- Clearly define values.
- Draw an action program which formalize commitments and goals to which the team agrees on what is important and how the team will work together to achieve results.
2. Joining skills and knowledge.
- Start with the basics. Imparting knowledge to reverse individuals in the team’s ability.
- Encourage knowledge, confidence and measure results.
- Taking turns responsibilities.
- Building awareness and collective capacity from individual skills and team to achieve outstanding results.
3. Create the team’s potential
- Set a plan of action for the team and stick to it.
- Share leadership.
- Rewarding teamwork.
- Make a rotation of responsibilities to achieve the versatility, change and forge a mental and intellectual capacity.
- Convert individual skills in collective skills.
- Insist on rewards and recognition. A kilo of praise is worth more to teamwork than a kilo of reproaches.
- Encourage behaviors that are in line with the purpose and values, development of skills and knowledge and teamwork. And reward those performances again and again.
- Insist that members or team members do things best.
- Redirect the actions to achieve the goal. Avoid reprimands and punishments.
- Focus on recognition and rewards in response to the target.
Additionally it is recommended that the selection of team members is carried out under the following guidelines:
- Esgojer people who are teachable and workers.
- Have a sense of belonging.
- Have integrity and honesty.
- Competent on a professional level, can be formally educated, technically or empirical.
- Whether you like working with people.
- That are reasonably ambitious to seek the group’s progress.
- They are empathetic and want to teach others.
- Willing to comprometerese with work projects and long-term team.
- They want to lead, even if it is true in the teams can reach people who are interested but not lead, with their work, knowledge, dedication and example results and also provide inspiration to all group members.
And finally, education and training must be consistent across team members. And outside of the professional and technical expertise it requires to be done especially by making use of the resources of practical education in leadership, goal development, human relations, coaching, management, finance, sales, customer service, etc..